what is a bio-garden? Feed yourself with the best inputs without leaving home


One of the ways to adopt a healthy lifestyle is to learn what a bio garden is, especially if you are one of those people who like to grow your own vegetables and legumes in your home or rooftop garden.

This new trend in gardening, without a doubt, is becoming one of the best options to grow any type of plant, in a healthy and chemical-free way, at your fingertips.

As you can see, having in mind what biogardens are is of utmost importance to improve your quality of life. So, if you want to know more, read on and discover everything you should consider before setting up your own organic garden at home.

what is an organic garden?

To define what an organic garden is, we can say that it is a small piece of land destined to the sowing of vegetables, legumes, aromatic and medicinal herbs, which lacks any kind of treatment with pesticides and chemical fertilizers.

In addition, according to the Peruvian Ministry of the Environment, an organic garden can be built directly in the garden, however, it is also possible to create one in pots, buckets or pans. In other words, an organic garden will work in any space where you can gather everything you need to take care of your plants.

So, what is an organic garden? It is a space through which, by means of natural techniques, healthy vegetables are obtained for our organism while we contribute to the care of the environment.

what is the difference between a vegetable garden and a biogarden?

Now that you know what a biogarden is, you can surely answer one of the most frequent questions asked by gardening fans: what is the difference between a vegetable garden and a biogarden?

The answer is very simple and is summarized in El Comercio, a well-known Peruvian newspaper: “the difference between a vegetable garden and a biogarden lies in the fact that the former stays away from the use of chemicals, while the latter uses pesticides or artificial fertilizers” to contribute to the care of the vegetables that are in them.

In that sense, the idea of making an organic garden is directly related to starting a conscious diet, which contributes to preserve our health and conserve the ecosystem in which we live.

what are the benefits of an organic garden?

As we mentioned previously, carrying out this project, which is a bio garden, gives you access to a wide variety of vegetables and legumes of 100% natural origin directly from your home .

Of course, the benefits of a vegetable garden do not end there. In fact, there are many more advantages that you will see when you create an organic vegetable garden at home. Below, we will mention the most important ones:

Consumption of healthy food for your body, without pesticides, fertilizers or any other agrochemicals harmful to your physical well-being.
You can build an organic vegetable garden anywhere and with different materials such as pots, trays or crates; you do not need a large space or garden.
The construction of a biogarden becomes a completely social activity, where all members of the family can be involved.
It awakens awareness for the environment and the care of green spaces or urban gardens located in different parts of the cities.
An organic garden or bio-garden can give another type of style and decoration to the area of your home where you include it.
It is a very good activity to combat stress and do physical activity for both adults and children.
With a bio garden you learn not to exploit the land; you simply take advantage of all that it can offer you in each season.
If you choose to plant vegetables and aromatic or medicinal herbs in your home you will be contributing to reduce environmental pollution.

Of course, to take advantage of all the benefits of a biogarden that we have just mentioned, it is important that you know some gardening techniques. For example, Paquita Romano, gardener and spana teacher, tells us that the first step is to learn about the climate, light and soil in which you are going to grow your plants.

huerta organicaImage: Pexels

what types of biogardens are there?

By this point, you already know what a bio garden is and what are the benefits of making one at home, so you’re probably thinking about creating and designing one with your own hands. But, before taking the big step towards a healthy and pesticide-free life, you should know what are the types of biogardens to find the one that best suits you.

In the following lines, you will learn more about the biogardens that you can carry out in the comfort of your home.

1. Organic vegetable gardens on balconies, patios and terraces

The first type of organic vegetable garden can be carried out in any of these three spaces, so you will only need some pots, pallet crates or other types of containers. In any of the cases, you must provide the plant with space to grow and develop. For this, we recommend using vertical and wide containers.

In addition, do not forget two factors that are also very important for the creation of a biogarden, which are the soil and pests. With regard to the first factor, remember that the soil in organic vegetable gardens must be free of any type of agrochemicals such as herbicides or fertilizers. Therefore, what is recommended is to use mature organic compost.

On the other hand, in reference to the second factor, you must avoid that what you are going to plant develops the presence of mealybugs, aphids or whiteflies. In such a case, the use of white soap, water and garlic alcohol to spray the plant will be useful for these types of pests.

Now, if you are wondering what kind of vegetables and herbs should be planted in this type of organic vegetable garden, you should keep in mind that, in the case of vegetables, lettuce, celery, chard, tomatoes or some zucchini will be your best option.

On the other hand, regarding herbs, arugula, cilantro, chives, chives, parsley or basil will grow very well in your first organic vegetable garden.

Image: Pexels

2. Biogardens with raised beds

You may find this type of vegetable garden a little more complicated than the previous one, but don’t worry: it’s easier than you think.

First of all, you must have raised garden beds, which are created above the surface of the soil and filled with organic fertilizer of the highest quality, thus ensuring that the vegetables grow healthier and in a shorter period of time.

Moreover, they promise a correct drainage, allowing the water to be absorbed correctly without “drowning the crops” and that the humidity is maintained after a time of having been built. On the other hand, this type of biogarden needs plenty of sunlight, high and clean soil, free of any debris such as stones or weeds .

Finally, you will be relieved to know that in this kind of organic vegetable garden you can plant all kinds of herbs and vegetables, which you can either grow directly or transplant once they have grown in a separate container.

3. Biogardens without raised beds

Finally, this type of biogarden is much simpler than the previous one, since, to elaborate it, you only have to trace on the ground squares of 25 cm per side. Inside each one, there will be a different vegetable, legume or herb, which should be placed from larger to smaller size so that they all receive sunlight.

In this case, if you decide to grow vertical plants such as tomatoes or cucumbers in this kind of vegetable garden, we recommend hanging each one on a wood, iron or copper pipe so that you can optimize the space much more.

In any case, this type of organic vegetable garden ends up being much more effective in reduced gardens, thus simplifying the tasks of planting, watering and harvesting.

que es un biohuertoImage: Pexels

In conclusion, creating a bio garden or organic garden in your home is one of the easiest and most economical ways to have at your fingertips the vegetables, legumes and herbs that you like to accompany your meals every day.

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